En-route Instrument Rating – EIR(A)

Qualification for en-route IFR flight, EIR, is great complement for PPL which will make flight planning and monitoring easier. Flight starts under VFR at departure airport, which is usually single option from small airfields. Then pilot goes to IFR flight at appropriate point and the flight continues under IFR towards the destination. Advantage is not opportunity to fly in bad meteorological conditions, but particularly comfortable en-route flight which is published (safe altitude and separation from other traffic is guaranteed). Pilot goes to VFR flight again near the destination and then the approach and landing are under VFR. Complicated monitoring of arrival routes and complicated instrument approach are removed. Small airfields haven’t any instrument approaches available after all.
Everyone, who has flown under VFR only a bit farther from his home base, knows problems with restricted and prohibited areas, controlled regions and other restrictions. Illustrious example is France because to get under VFR to the Atlantic means constantly avoiding regions which are used by army particularly during working days. So, the flight is once to north, once to south, once high and once low above ground, but not like we want. All of these problems disappear if you fly via IFR routes, flight is via planned points, alternatively via short cut, under constant support of ATC. Worry about which way to fly, it is not quite up to the pilot.
En-route instrument qualification EIR is particularly suitable for the pilots who want to travel comfortably for a trip or for a business trip, but they don’t want to fight with the bad weather. EIR is qualification for the pilots who want to finally use aircraft as a comfortable and fast means of transport, without necessity of studing of restricted, controlled or prohibited areas. It is concurrently first step to later obtain the full IR qualification for those who will like flying according to instrumens.

 

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

EIR(A)/SEP

  • Holder of license PPL/SEP
  • 20 hours of cross country flight time as PIC in aeroplanes
  • Basic English knowledge

 

EIR(A)/MEP

  • Holder of license PPL/MEP
  • 20 hours of cross country flight time as PIC in aeroplanes
  • Basic English knowledge
COURSE DURATION
  • 3 months and more
PRIVILEGIES

 

EIR(A)/SEP

  • The privilege of the EIR SEP is to fly under IFR and in IMC in the en-route phase of flight with single engine aircraft.
  • Pilot will obtain EIR qualification according to EASA / Part FCL.

EIR(A)/MEP

  • The privilege of the EIR MEP is to fly under IFR and in IMC in the en-route phase of flight with multi engine aircraft.
  • Pilot will obtain EIR qualification according to EASA / Part FCL.
TRAINING SYLLABUS

 

EIR(A)/SEP

  • Practical training  – 15 hours of dual instrument flight time under instruction, 2 hours of ground school
  • Theoretical training – 72 hours of self-study and 8 hours of classroom instruction

EIR(A)/MEP

  • Practical training  – 16 hours of dual instrument flight time under instruction, 4 hours of these shall be in multi-engine and 2 hours of ground school
  • Theoretical training – 72 hours of self-study and 8 hours of classroom instruction

 

 

 

 

 

Although the 15 hours does not allow for simulator use, some simulator training may still be valuable. Training must be completed within a maximum-period of 36 months.

 

 

 

 

 


 

The flight instruction for the EIR within an ATO will comprise the following flying exercises:

  1. Pre-flight procedures for IFR flights, including the use of the flight manual, meteorological information, and appropriate air traffic service documents, filing of an IFR flight plan, including VFR / IFR transitions and diversions.
  2. Use of appropriate IFR and VFR charts.
  3. Basic instrument flight by sole reference to instruments: horizontal flight, climbing, descending, turns in level flight, climbing and descending.
  4. Steep turns and recovery from unusual attitudes on full and limited panel.
  5. Normal flight on limited panel
  6. Instrument pattern
  7. Procedures and manoeuvres for IFR operation under normal, abnormal and emergency conditions covering at least transition from visual to instrument flight after departure, en-route IFR procedures, en-route holding procedures, transition from instrument flight en-route to visual before reaching the Minimum Sector Altitude (MSA).
  8. Radio navigation (GPS/VOR)
  9. Use of advanced equipment such as autopilot, flight director, stormscope, de-icing equipment, EFIS or radar, as available.
  10. Emergency procedures covering the deterioration of meteorological conditions.
  11. At least one emergency IFR approach
  12. Use of RT techniques in order to gain a competence to a high standard.
  13. If required, operation of a multi-engine aeroplane during the above range of exercises to include engine failures and cruise flight with one engine simulated inoperative.
  14. The flight instruction should also include at least two flights in controlled airspace under IFR with a high density of traffic and VFR arrivals and departures from aerodromes with a mixture of instrument and visual traffic.

The concern is that pilots will be well prepared for busy en-route airspace and experience flying in such airspace. They will have experience of the transition from VFR to IFR to VFR. The emergency approach definitely is also imply, that the candidate is trained to do emergency localizer approach. It is intended to demonstrate techniques which would give them the best chance of getting back on the ground safely, in an emergency situation.

 

REVALIDATION

 

The rating is valid for 12 months and is revalidated by a proficiency check within 3 months of the expiry date, or within the validity, complete six hours as PIC under IFR and a training flight of at least one hour with an instrument instructor.  Each alternate revalidation must be by proficiency check. If the rating has expired the applicant must have refresher training and then renew the rating.

 

SINGLE-ENGINE AIRCRAFT FOR EIR(A)/SEP

 

Tecnam P2010 G1000 Cessna C172SP G1000
Piper PA-28-161 Warrior III Piper PA-28-181 Archer II

 

MULTI-ENGINE AIRCRAFT FOR EIR(A)/MEP

 

Tecnam P2006T Piper PA-34 Seneca V